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Vermilion Parish Schools

Activity 6: The First Louisianans (GLEs:  46, 47, 48)

Materials List: Native Americans in Louisiana BLM, Word Grid: Comparing Native American Tribes of Louisiana BLM, Comparing and Contrasting Settlers and Native American Tribes of Louisiana BLM, library books, Internet access

Review with students where historical information can be found and how it can be used.  Read and discuss with students information about community life in early Louisiana.

Discuss with the students how the Native Americans used the land and what community life was like.  Give students the Native Americans in Louisiana BLM outline map of Louisiana and have them locate different Native American tribes on it. Have students compare the lives of the Native Americans across Louisiana.  Have them use the Internet or the school media center to locate information about the cultures and traditions of Native Americans.  Have students find information like location, clothing worn, shelter, transportation, and food.  Invite members of local Native American tribes in the area to visit the class and discuss the lives of their ancestors.  Lead students in a discussion about how life was different among each tribal group.

Sample Word Grid: Comparing Native American Tribes of Louisiana

First Louisianians

Tunica-Biloxi

Chitimacha

Choctaw

Houma

Location

 

 

 

 

south-central

x

 

x

 

south

 

x

 

x

 

 

 

 

Help students organize learned information by creating a class word grid. (view literacy strategy descriptions)  It will be used to compare and contrast the community life of Native Americans living in Louisiana.  On a chart or board place a word grid in which the names of different Native American tribes are listed on the horizontal axis, and characteristics like location, clothing, shelter, transportation, and food are listed on the vertical axis, similar to the one below.  Together with the students, discuss different Native American groups and have students place an (x) in each box that tells about the group.  (Native American tribes and characteristics may vary).  (See the Word Grid: Comparing Native American Tribes of Louisiana BLM.)

After completing the word grid, have students use it to compare and contrast two Native American groups by writing a paragraph explaining how they are alike and different.  Have students describe what the community was like long ago.

Then lead students in a study about how life among Native Americans in Louisiana was similar to or different from the lives of later settlers in Louisiana (e.g., shelter, food, clothing, and transportation). Have them use the Internet or the school media center to locate information about the cultures and traditions of the settlers who lived in Louisiana long ago.  Have the students write learned information on a chart similar to the sample one shown below and discuss the findings in the chart noting similarities and differences.  (See the Comparing and Contrasting Settlers and Native American Tribes of Louisiana BLM.) 

Sample Chart Comparing and Contrasting Settlers and Native American Tribes

COMPARATIVE FEATURE

SETTLERS

 

NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBES*

(CHITIMACHA)

(HOUMA)

Food

 

corn, fish, sweet potato

corn, fish, squash

Clothing (women)

 

deer hide dress

wraparound skirt

Clothing (men)

 

breechcloths

breechcloths

Shelter

 

plaster house

plaster house

Transportation

 

canoe

canoe

*Other local Native American tribes can be substituted here.

Discuss with the students the similarities and differences found.  Then have students write paragraphs comparing and contrasting the lives of Native Americans with later settlers in Louisiana.  (Creating a Venn diagram may help students organize their ideas before writing.)  

Lesson Plans/Resources:

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Key Code for Documents   = Internet Source   = Acrobat Reader   = PowerPoint   =MS Word   = Excel    = Inspiration   = Kidspiration 3  Video

 

2nd Grade Main Link    Vermilion Parish for Kids!     Hurricanes for Kids!    LA Indians for Kids!    Louisiana for Kids Site   eHomework Pad for Kids!   Testing Site for Kids!

Vermilion Parish Curriculum Site (Correlates with 2008 Louisiana Comprehensive Curriculum)


Vermilion Parish Schools (Louisiana)

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