Poverty Point Interactive


Poverty Point

Louisiana has the second to largest American mound in the United States. The historical landmark is called Poverty Point. The huge mound is near Epps, Louisiana, in West Carroll Parish. The beautiful site was built by the Poverty Point Indians long ago.

When the Poverty Point Indian tribes lived in Louisiana, they made their mark by creating this beautiful site. The largest mound in Poverty Point is called the Bird Effigy Mound. The Bird Effigy Mound is 3/4 mile across, 70 feet high, and looks like a bird when viewed.

The Poverty Point Culture flourished from approximately 2000 B.C. to 600 B.C. Poverty Point people lived in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas areas. They usually settled near lakes, rivers, or in coastal marshes. Areas near water sources were supported by a wide variety of plants and animals that could be used for food. Deer, rabbits, geese, ducks, and turkeys flourished in this habitat.

The Poverty Point Site in northeastern Louisiana was the largest regional center. When it was built, it lay between the Mississippi and the Arkansas rivers. Using the river and land routes, Poverty Point Indians traded with other Indians as far away as Wisconsin, Tennessee, and Florida.

The Poverty Point site covers an area of roughly 400 acres. Centrally located in the site are six curved earthen ridges with flat corridors of earth separating the individual ridges.

Two ramps divide the ridges into three sections. Now each ridge is currently about a meter high. However, it is believed that they were once five feet high.

The outer ridge diameter is three-quarters of a mile. The innermost ridge’s diameter is about three-eights of a mile.
The amazing thing is that to create this monument, the Indians loosened shells and stones and brought all of that to the mound.

The artifacts in the ground can tell us a little about that time and the people who lived there.

Although archaeologists have not found any articles of clothing from these ancient people, they have found jewelry. Of the jewelry found, they range from simple to elaborate. Many seem to feel this indicates that social status was important in the Poverty Point community.